SAMPLE SYLLABI

APPROACHES TO TEACHING: SAMPLE SYLLABI KEYED TO
ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION: LAW SCIENCE & POLICY (Seventh ed. 2013)

 SYLLABUS 1 – COMPREHENSIVE COVERAGE

(Class Number, Topic, Page Number: Seventh Edition)

Introduction

1. Polices, Problems, and Values, 1-24

2. Economics and Ecology, 26-56

3. Common Law Roots, 61-85

4. Statutory Law, 89-130

5. Regulation and its Alternatives, Regulatory Options, 131-159

6. The Regulatory Process, 168-188

Waste Management and Pollution Prevention

7. Statutory Authorities Affecting Waste Management, 349-378

8. Identifying Hazardous Waste, Household Waste Exclusion, Subtitle D, 384-411

9. Introduction to CERCLA, CERCLA Liability, Responsible Parties, 411-430

10. CERCLA Liability: Operators and Arrangers, 431-449

11. Strict, Joint and Several Liability and Allocation of Liability, 449-487

12. Disposal Alternatives and Commerce Clause Limitations, 488-518

Regulation of Toxic Substances

13. Introduction, 191-192

14. The Road to Risk Assessment, 192-203

15. Quantitative Risk Assessment, 251-257

16. How Safe is Safe?: Risk-Benefit Balancing (TSCA), 239-258

17. How Safe is Safe?: Feasibility-Limited Regulation (OSHA and SDWA) and Health-Based limits (Delaney Clause, Air Toxics), 277-326

18. Evaluating QRA and Alternatives to Conventional Regulatory Approaches, 327-344

Air Pollution Control

19. Introduction to CAA, Ambient Air Quality Standards, 526-532, 569-588

20. State Implementation Plans, 592-607

21. Offsets, Bubbles, Emissions Trading and Interstate Pollution, 608-655

22. Mobile Sources & Technology-Forcing, 555-569

Water Pollution Control

23. Statutory Authorities for Protecting Water Quality, 663-690

24. Effluent Limitations on Point Source Discharges, 670-713

25. Water Quality-Based Controls, 742-778

26. Wetlands Protection and the Section 404 Program, 779-793

Land Use Regulation and Regulatory Takings

27. Land Use and the Environment, state and Local Regulation of Land Use, Introduction to Regulatory Takings Law, 802-831

28. The Modern Revival of Regulatory Takings Jurisprudence, 832-893

Environmental Assessment

29. Introduction to NEPA and the EIS Requirement, 896-951

30. Adequacy of EISs, How Well Has NEPA Worked, 953-976

Biodiversity Protection

31. Rationale for Preserving Biodiversity, Introduction to the Endangered Species Act, 980-991

32. Protecting Endangered Species Against Private Actions, Public Resource Management, 1047-1069

Environmental Enforcement

33. Detecting Violations, Enforcement Authorities and Policies, 1072-1100

34. Criminal Enforcement, 1104-1121

35. Standing and Citizen Access to the Courts, 111-120, 1139-1150

36. Citizen Suits, 1122-1139, 1152-1186

Protection of the Global Environment

37. Introduction to International Environmental Law, Protection of the Global Atmosphere, 1187-1216

39. International Trade and the Environment, 1245-1277

Conclusion

40. Environmental Progress, Environmental Prospects, 1305-1338


 SYLLABUS 2 – LESS TOXICS, MORE WATER, NEPA, ESA, INTERNATIONAL

(Class Number, Topic, Page Number: 7th Edition)

Introduction

1. Polices, Problems, and Values, 1-24

2. Economics and Ecology, 26-56

3. Common Law Roots, 61-85

4. Statutory Law, 89-109, 122-135

5. Regulation and its Alternatives, Regulatory Options, 136-167

6. The Regulatory Process, 168-190

Waste Management and Pollution Prevention

7. Statutory Authorities Affecting Waste Management, 349-378

8. Identifying Hazardous Waste, Household Waste Exclusion, Subtitle D, 384-411

9. Introduction to CERCLA, CERCLA Liability, Responsible Parties, 411-430

10. CERCLA Liability: Operators and Generators,  431-449

11. Strict, Joint and Several Liability and Allocation of Liability,  449-487


12. Disposal Alternatives and Commerce Clause Limitations,  488-518

Regulation of Toxic Substances

13. Introduction to Toxics Regulation & Risk-Benefit Balancing, 191-228, 257-271

14. Risk Assessment, Feasibility-Limited Regulation & Health-Based Regulation, 228-245, 277-326

Air Pollution Control

15. Introduction to CAA, Ambient Air Quality Standards, 526-532, 569-588

16. State Implementation Plans, 592-607

17. Offsets, Bubbles, Emissions Trading and Interstate Pollution, 608-656

18. Mobile Sources & Technology-Forcing, 555-569

Water Pollution Control

19. Statutory Authorities for Protecting Water Quality, 663-690

20. Effluent Limitations on Point Source Discharges, 694-728

21. Variances, POTWs and Interstate Pollution, 728-753

22. Individual Control Strategies, Section 401 Certification & TMDLs, 754-778

23. Wetlands Protection and the Section 404 Program, 779-793

Land Use Regulation and Regulatory Takings

24. Land Use and the Environment, state and Local Regulation of Land Use, Introduction to Regulatory Takings Law, 802-831

25. The Modern Revival of Regulatory Takings Jurisprudence, 832-894

Environmental Assessment

26. Introduction to NEPA and the EIS Requirement, 896-904

27. Cumulative Impacts, the Significance Requirement and Environmental Assessment, 905-953

28. Adequacy of EISs, How Well Has NEPA Worked, 953-978

Biodiversity Protection

29. Rationale for Preserving Biodiversity, Introduction to the Endangered Species Act, 980-991

30. Listing Process, Review of Federal Actions, 993-1046

31. Protecting Endangered Species Against Private Actions, Public Resource Management, 988-1007

Environmental Enforcement

32. Detecting Violations, Enforcement Authorities and Policies, 1072-1100

33. Criminal Enforcement 1104-1121

34. Standing and Citizen Access to the Courts, 111-120, 1139-1150

35. Citizen Suits, 1122-1139, 1152-1186

Protection of the Global Environment

36. Introduction to International Environmental Law, Protection of the Global Atmosphere, 1189-1216

37. Global Climate Change: Legal and Policy Responses, 1220-1244

38. International Trade and the Environment, 1245-1277

Environmental Progress, Environmental Prospects

39. Environmental Progress, Environmental Prospects, 1306-1339


SYLLABUS 3– HAZARDOUS WASTE AND TOXICS SEMINAR

(Class Number, Topic, Page Number: 6th Edition)

Introduction

1. Polices, Problems, and Values, 1-26

2. Economics and Ecology, 26-60

Common Law Roots

3. Toxic Substance Problem; Common Law Causes of Action, 318-327, 63-89

4. Common Law Causes of Action and the Rise of Regulatory Legislation, 89-111

Regulation of Toxic Substances

5. Regulatory Options, 136-168

6. The Regulatory Process, 168-190

7. Statutory Authorities for Regulating Toxic Substances, Uncertainty and the Dilemma of Preventive Regulation, 255-257, 399-406

8. Coping with Uncertainty: The Road to Risk Assessment, 192-228

9. Introduction to Risk Assessment, 229-251

10. How Safe is Safe?: Risk-Benefit Balancing (TSCA), 257-277

11. How Safe is Safe?: Feasibility-Limited Regulation (OSHA and SDWA) and Health-Based Limits (Delaney Clause), 277-303

12. Setting and Revising NAAQSs, 569-592

13. Water Quality Standards, Individual Control Strategies and TMDLs, 743-757, 767-779

14. How Safe is Safe?: Section 112 of the Clean Air Act, Comparative Risk, 303-327

15. Informational and Burden Shifting Strategies, 327-347

Waste Management and Pollution Prevention

16. Introduction to RCRA, Defining Hazardous Waste, 360-384

17. Identifying Hazardous Waste, the Household Waste Exclusion, 384-399

18. Introduction to CERCLA Liability, Responsible Parties, 411-430

19. CERCLA Liability: Operators and Arrangers, 431-449

20. Strict, Joint and Several Liability, Liability Allocation, Has Superfund Worked?, 449-488

21. Disposal Alternatives and Commerce Clause Limitations, 488-500

22. Flow Control, Siting Controversies and the Environmental Justice Movement, 500-521

23. Protecting the Ozone Layer, International Trade in Hazardous Substances, 1200-1207, 1267-1280

Enforcement

24. Detecting Violations, Enforcement Authorities and Policies, 1072-1100

25. Criminal Enforcement, 1104-1122


SYLLABUS 4 – STARTING WITH CLEAN AIR

(Class Number, Topic, Page Number: 7th Edition)

Introduction

1. Polices, Problems, and Values, 1-26

2. Economics and Ecology, 26-60

3. Common Law Roots, 61-85

4. Statutory Law, 89-136

5. Regulation and its Alternatives, Regulatory Options, 136-168

6. The Regulatory Process, 168-190

Air Pollution Control

7. Introduction to CAA, Ambient Air Quality Standards, 526-555

8. Revising National Ambient Air Quality Standards, State Implementation Plans, 691-607

9. Offsets, Bubbles, Emissions Trading and Interstate Pollution, 608-656

10. Mobile Sources & Technology-Forcing, 555-569

Water Pollution Control

11. Introduction, Scope of Federal Authority, 657-694

12. Federal Authority, Effluent Limitations on Point Sources, 694-722

13. Effluent Limitations and Water Quality Standards, 772-746

14. Impact of Water Quality Standards on Permit Limits, 746-779

15. Wetlands Protection and the Section 404 Program, 779-793

Land Use Regulation and Regulatory Takings

16. Land Use and the Environment, State and Local Regulation of Land Use, Introduction to Regulatory Takings Law, 802-805, 815- 832

17. The Modern Revival of Regulatory Takings Jurisprudence, 832-859

Environmental Assessment

18. Introduction to NEPA and the EIS Requirement, 896-921

19. Cumulative Impacts, the Significance Requirement and Environmental Assessment, 921-953

20. Adequacy of EISs, How Well Has NEPA Worked, 953-978

Biodiversity Protection

21. Rationale for Preserving Biodiversity, Introduction to the Endangered Species Act, 980-1009

22. Listing Process, Review of Federal Actions, 1009-1047

23. Protecting Endangered Species Against Private Actions, Public Resource Management, 1047-1070

Waste Management and Pollution Prevention

24. Statutory Authorities Affecting Waste Management, 354-360

25. Identifying Hazardous Waste, Household Waste Exclusion, Subtitle D, 384-411

26. Introduction to CERCLA, CERCLA Liability, Responsible Parties, 411-430

27. CERCLA Liability: Operators and Arrangers, 430-449

28. Strict, Joint and Several Liability and Liability Allocation, 449-483

29. Disposal Alternatives and Commerce Clause Limitations, 488-510

Regulation of Toxic Substances

30. Introduction, 191-192

31. The Road to Risk Assessment, 192-209

32. Quantitative Risk Assessment, 209-223

33. How Safe is Safe?: Risk-Benefit Balancing (TSCA), 257-277

34. How Safe is Safe?: Feasibility-Limited Regulation (OSHA and SDWA) and Health-Based limits (Delaney Clause, Air Toxics), 277-316

35. Evaluating QRA and Alternatives to Conventional Regulatory Approaches, 232-251

Environmental Enforcement

36. Detecting Violations, Enforcement Authorities and Policies, 1072-1104

37. Criminal Enforcement, 1104-1122

38. Standing and Citizen Access to the Courts, 111-122

  1. 39.Citizen Suits, 1122-1186

                               SYLLABUS 5 – PROFESSOR PERCIVAL’S FALL 2016 SYLLABUS


ENVIRONMENTAL LAW – FALL 2016


COURSE OUTLINE & ASSIGNMENTS 

CHAPTER 1: ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES


MON. AUGUST 22: Introduction to the Course, Environmental Problems, Environmental Justice and the Rationale for Collective Action.  ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 1-24, 26-30 and 980-984 in the casebook, (2) NEPA § 101, 42 U.S.C. §4331 on pp. 1051-52 in the Statutory and Case Supplement, (3) Paragraphs 20-26, 93-95, 159-173, and 189-198 of Pope Francis’s Laudato Si encyclical (posted in the Course Materials section of this website), and (4) post a brief response to the question on the Discussion Board of this website.


WEDS. AUGUST 24: Cost-benefit Analysis, Ecosystem Services and the Tragedy of the Commons. ASSIGNMENT: Read pp. 30-43, and 49-60 in the casebook. Postings of responses to questions on the Discussion Board is now optional.


CHAPTER 2: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW: A STRUCTURAL OVERVIEW

MON. AUGUST 29: The Common Law Roots of Environmental Law: Private and Public Nuisance. ASSIGNMENT: Read pp. 61-89 in the casebook.


WEDS. AUGUST 31: The Rise of the Regulatory State, Environmental Federalism, Standing, and Preemption of Federal Common Law. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 89-126 in the casebook and (2) “Environmental Legislation in Historical Perspective” on pp. xiii-xvii in the Statutory and Case Supplement.

MON. SEPT. 5: NO CLASS – LABOR DAY HOLIDAY


WEDS. SEPTEMBER 7: How to make an Environmental Law film. GUEST LECTURER: Technology specialist John Brosnan.


CHAPTER 3: PREVENTING HARM IN THE FACE OF UNCERTAINTY


MON. SEPTEMBER 12:  Risk Regulation in the Face of Uncertainty: How Precautionary Should Regulatory Policy Be? and Lead in Drinking Water. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 191-223, 279-284 in the casebook, (2) 42 U.S.C. §300h(d)(1)(B)(ii) of the Safe Drinking Water Act in the Statutory and Case Supplement, (3) Environmental Defense Fund, Comparing the 1976 Toxic Substance Control Act with the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, posted in the Course Materials section of the course website, and (4) Percival, The Poison Poor Children Drink, posted in the Course Materials section of this website.


CHAPTER 4: REGULATING WASTE MANAGEMENT

WEDS. SEPTEMBER 14: Regulation by Revelation and the Resource Conservation & Recovery Act and the Definition of “Solid Waste”. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 327-334 and 339-342 in the casebook, (2) pp. 354-384 in the casebook, (3) RCRA Legislative History Timeline and Outline of Principal Provisions of the Solid Waste Disposal Act in the Statutory and Case Supplement, and (3) Solid Waste Disposal Act §§ 1004(5) & (27) in the Statutory and Case Supplement. 

MON. SEPTEMBER 19:  Introduction to CERCLA. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 411-417, 420-427 & 438-449 in the casebook, (2) CERCLA Legislative History Timeline and Outline of Principal Provisions of CERCLA in the Statutory and Case Supplement, and (3) §§ 101(14), 101(22), 107(a)&(b), 101(35) and § 309 of CERCLA in the Statutory and Case Supplement.


CHAPTER 5: AIR POLLUTION CONTROL

WEDS. SEPTEMBER 21:  Introduction to the Clean Air Act, What Is an Air Pollutant and Controls on Mobile Sources. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 523-555 in the casebook, (2) Clean Air Act Legislative History Timeline and Outline of the Principal Provisions of the Clean Air Act in the Statutory and Case Supplement, and (3) Percival, Against All Odds, posted in the Course Materials section of this website. 


MONDAY SEPTEMBER 26: Establishing and Revising National Ambient Air Quality Standards. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 569-597 and (2) Clean Air Act §§108 & 109 in the Statutory and Case Supplement.

TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 27: OPTIONAL CLASS FIELD TRIP TO THE U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE D.C. CIRCUIT TO WATCH THE ORAL ARGUMENT IN THE CLEAN POWER PLAN CASES


WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 28: Nonattainment, Prevention of Significant Deterioration, and EPA's Program to Control Greenhouse Gas Emissions. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 608-617 in the casebook, (2) §111(d) and §§ 160-169 of the Clean Air Act in the Statutory & Case Supplement, (3) the edited version of the Supreme Court's June 2014 decision in Utility Air Regulatory Group v. EPA in the Statutory and Case Supplement, and “A Note on the 1990 Amendments to Section 111(d)” in the Statutory and Case Supplement.


CHAPTER 6: CONTROL OF WATER POLLUTION


MON. OCTOBER 3: Introduction to the Clean Water Act and the Scope of Federal Jurisdiction. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) p. 663-693 in the casebook, (2) Clean Water Act Legislative History Timeline and Principal Provisions of the Clean Water Act on pp. 802-803 of the Statutory and Case Supplement, (3) Clean Water Act §§ 301(a), 404(a) & 502(6)&(7) in the Statutory and Case Supplement, and (4) EPA's 2-page summary of its rule clarifying the reach of federal Clean Water Act jurisdiction over the "waters of the United States," located online at: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-05/documents/fact_sheet_summary_final_1.pdf.


WEDS. OCTOBER 5: Regulation of Discharges from Point Sources, Water Quality Standards, Total Maximum Daily Loadings & the Section 404 Permit Program. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 694-717, 742-747, 779-786 in the casebook and (2) §§ 402(a), 502(12) and 502(14) of the Clean Water Act in the Statutory and Case Supplement, and (3) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers v. Hawkes Co. in the Statutory and Case Supplement. 

CHAPTER 7: LAND USE REGULATION AND REGULATORY TAKINGS


MON. OCTOBER 10: Regulatory Takings. ASSIGNMENT: Read pp. 815-859 in the casebook. 

WEDS. OCTOBER 12: Regulatory Exactions, Judicial Takings and Evolving Conceptions of Property Rights. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 859-894 in the casebook.

CHAPTER 8: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT 

MON. OCTOBER 17: Introduction to NEPA, When Must An Environmental Impact Statement Be Prepared? ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 895-911, 927-938 in the casebook, (2) NEPA Legislative History Timeline and Principal Provisions of NEPA in the Statutory and Case Supplement, (3) §102 of NEPA in the Statutory and Case Supplement.

WEDS. OCTOBER 19: NO CLASS


MONDAY OCTOBER 24: What “Effects” Must Be Considered, Climate Change, Analysis in Uncertainty, Has NEPA Worked? ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 938-953 & 970-978 in the casebook and (2) NEPA Regulations in 40 C.F.R. §§1502.16 and 1508.8 in the Statutory and Case Supplement. 


CHAPTER 9: PRESERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY 

WEDS. OCTOBER 26: Introduction to the Endangered Species Act, What Species Are Protected, Critical Habitat Determinations and the Delisting Process. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 984-993, 1009-1034, 1046-1047 in the casebook, (2) Endangered Species Act Legislative History Timeline and Principal Provisions of the Endangered Species Act in the Statutory and Case Supplement, and (3) §7(a) of the Endangered Species Act in the Statutory and Case Supplement.

MON. OCTOBER 31: Protecting Endangered Species Against Private Action: §9 of the Endangered Species Act and the Future of Biodiversity Protection.  ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 1047-1069 in the casebook and (2) § 9(a) of the Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. § 1538(a) in the Statutory and Case Supplement.

CHAPTER 10: ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT

WEDS. NOVEMBER 2: Monitoring and Detecting Environmental Violations and Criminal Enforcement ASSIGNMENT: Read: (1) pp. 1071-1095 & 1104-1122 in the casebook and (2) Clean Water Act §§ 507(a), 507(b), and 309(c) in the Statutory and Case Supplement. 

MONDAY NOVEMBER 7: Citizen Suits and Standing. ASSIGNMENT: Read pp. 1122-1163 in the casebook.


CHAPTER 11: PROTECTION OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT 

WEDS. NOV. 9: International Environmental Law and Protection of the Global Atmosphere. ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 1187-1197, 1200-1224 & 1227-1236 in the casebook, and (2) material on the Paris Agreement on Climate Change posted in the Course Materials section of this website.   


MON. NOV. 14: Trade and the Environment & International Trade in Hazardous Substances ASSIGNMENT: Read (1) pp. 1245-1281 in the casebook, and §§ 17(a) & (b) of FIFRA in the Statutory and Case Supplement.

WEDS. NOV. 16: REVIEW SESSION


FRIDAY NOV. 18: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW WINETASTING PARTY IN WESTMINSTER HALL 6:30-8:30pm
preceded by Fedder Lecture at 5:30pm in the Ceremonial Moot Courtroom.


MON. NOV. 21: Presentation of Small Group Movie Projects in the Ceremonial Moot Courtroom.  For those who elect to do the paper instead of the film project, the papers are due on this day.